Lope Inigo. 1856.


The world of all of the Ohlone tribes would drastically change with advent of the missions and military posts at Monterey and San Francisco. Of the approximately twenty thousand Ohlone speaking people who inhabited the San Francisco and Monterey Bay regions in 1769, less than 2000 were left by 1810.

It was into this complex and rapidly changing world that a young Ohlone man named Liberato Culpecse was baptized at Mission Dolores on November 18, 1801. His grandchildren became the Elders of the Muwekma tribe, officially recognized by the United States Government as the Verona Band.